Gout, Arthropathy, and Medical Cannabis
Arthropathy is a joint disease that specifically triggers gout, which is a complex form of arthritis. It, too, like arthritis is treatable with medical cannabis since joint pain is directly related to the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Unlike a more constant aching of arthritis, gout occurs in sudden attacks, specifically when joints of the big toe become inflamed, which is why sudden and lingering pain can be soothed with CBD.
While gout is most common in big toe joints, it can attack other joints, specifically in the ankles, knees, elbows, fingers, and wrist. It occurs when high levels of uric acid form too many urate crystals in the joint. The condition includes several risk factors, including diet, exercise, medications, and family history.
The Mayo Clinic reports that gout attacks can last up to 12 hours, with pain slowly subsiding with lingering discomfort. Gout can be either recurrent or advanced. While some sufferers may undergo attacks several times annually, advanced gout goes unnoticed and infects the skin’s nodules. Gout is often diagnosed with a joint fluid test and blood screening, ultrasound, or X-rays.
The Impact of Medical Cannabis on Gout
A 2007 osteoarthritis study in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology points out how, when administered internally, cannabinoid receptor 1 alleviated arthritis pain in the mice’s knee.
Additionally, a 2015 study in the European Journal of Pain reports when CBD was applied topically to arthritic rats, it also eased inflamed and painful joints.
A WebMD report concluded that one in five people living with arthritis uses CBD to ease pain and inflammation out of 600 patients surveyed. But even more, doctors report from the study possibility of medical cannabis replacing opioid medications for arthritic pain due to its THC properties.
While more gout-specific research is needed to further confirm that it can alleviate pain and swelling in specific joints, medical cannabis remains popular with people who have arthritis. As a complex form of joint disease, future results that CBD and THC could treat are hopeful.