Understanding the Relationship Between Asthma and Medical Marijuana
Asthma is a chronic disease that inflames lung airways, making it difficult to breathe. The American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology reports 8.3% of Americans suffer from the condition with 6.1 million being adolescents. It is considered the most chronic childhood illness in the U.S.
Depending on the severity of the condition, asthma can be treated with inhalers, nebulizers, and long-term medications. If not treated properly, it can cause permanent lung damage due to constant coughing and wheezing, reports the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), adding one in six children end up in the Emergency Department annually due to the condition.
There are several signs and symptoms of asthma, with the most common being shortness of breath and chest tightness. Asthma also causes wheezing and often disturbs sleep patterns that could create insomnia. Asthma can be induced by environmental factors, including exercise, occupation, and allergies.
The Effects of CBD & THC on Asthma
While Healthline points out the benefits versus the risks of medical cannabis and asthmatic patients, it also points out the risks. Yes, cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with asthma, but how should it be administered safely?
Studies have been conducted to treat asthma with medical cannabis via a vaporizer, which is a less harmful administration. Along with vaporizing, CBD and THC can be taken orally or be digested in cannabis-infused foods and drink as less dangerous forms of administration.
Unlike other medical conditions and cannabis, treating asthma with THC and CBD calls for caution since it is a lung disease that can be exacerbated by inhaling medicine into the lungs. That is why further studies show if the components in medical cannabis can, in fact, heal asthmatic patients.
A 2020 study published in the journal Israel Medical Association reports the human trial of three asthmatic patients who showed improvement with medical cannabis. Aside from inhaling THC and CBD, results showed that “cannabis has a bronchodilator effect on the airways and might have an inflammatory effect on asthmatic patients.” Time and more studies will conclude if medical cannabis can alleviate asthma symptoms with oral or vaporized administration, giving child and adult sufferers more hope for the debilitating condition.