Indica is a type of cannabis strain. Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa are the two primary subspecies of the cannabis plant. They are categorized based on the appearance of the plant and the different effects the cannabis has when consumed. Cannabis indica plants are typically shorter and bushier than sativa plants. They have dark green leaves, while sativa plants have leaves that are lighter in color. Indicas are thought to contain higher levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and are a good choice for nighttime use, as they act as a sedative, relieve pain, and help with insomnia. Indicas are known for producing a relaxing “body high.”

When you go to a dispensary, the budtender will often ask you if you are looking for an indica or sativa. However, recent research shows that the effects are more complex than this comparison, though it is a good starting point for selecting a strain that is right for you.

“Did you say this strain is indica-dominant? I really need something with more relaxing properties.”

Learn more about indica (and sativa) strains here.

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Medical Marijuana Science

Cannabis science is one of the fastest moving frontiers medicinal sciences in the world. The pharmacology behind it has been accelerated by the realization that we’re all already marinated in cannabis-like molecules (endocannabinoids) and their receptors.

Endocannabinoids help regulate many physiological processes such as your mood, memory, appetite, pain, immune function, metabolism, and bone growth to name a few. Consuming cannabis also modulates this endocannabinoid system in many ways. The effects can be benevolent, although sometimes problematic.

Understanding the science behind cannabis is a key factor in being able to fully enjoy its medicinal value.

People have been using cannabis as medicine for thousands of years. The plant has also been widely used clothing, fuel, food, fiber, and medicine.

Cannabis contains more than 120 different cannabinoid molecules. But, as far as we know, only one gets you high: THC. The plant itself contains a huge amount of cerebral, non-intoxicating THC cousins with emerging medicinal potential. Their abbreviated names are often: CBD, CBG, THC-V, CBC, and CBN to mention a few.

Data Last Updated 09/18/2023

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