Cannabis Research Explores What’s Better: The Illicit Market or Legal Market
by Chane Leigh
Scientists are changing the perfect high…what does this mean for us? Well, it means that scientists, mostly chemists, at big cannabis companies are trying to create a predictable and reliable product. It turns out that terpenes may be the key to generating predictable and reliable products. All strains of cannabis can contain the same cannabinoids, yet the effects differ. The effects would still differ if the different strains had the same quantity of cannabinoids.
INSA is a premium medical facility that deals with cannabis from the time it grows to the time you ingest it. The company has growing facilities, a lab, a kitchen, and a shop all in the same building. They can be found in Easthampton, and they were named after indica and sativa cannabis varieties. The chief executive of INSA has stated that they are trying to re-educate their consumers—but what does that mean?
Well, indica strains have been said to be sedating or relaxing, while sativa strains were said to be energic or euphoric. This was before we knew anything about terpenes. Scientists have come to show that while there are maturation time and physical differences between indica and sativa, there are no corresponding, consistent differences between the chemical profiles of the two. Companies such as INSA are claiming to have identified certain effects backed up but information on the terpene profile and cannabinoid breakdown.
Now that cannabis has almost gotten to the point of being a regular consumer product, customers are seeking out ‘proven consistency’ that they expect from other regular consumer products. The key to providing consumers with reliable, consistent products seem to come down to the terpene profile rather than whether they are indica or sativa.
Let’s look at an example. Ethan Russo is an American neurologist. He was passionate about finding a remedy to conditions and illness through herbal measures, such as cannabis. He then went into aromatherapy and found that when he inhaled tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) alone, he found it very hard to function. He stated that adding a terpene such as pinene would take that whole unpleasant experience and turn it into a clear-minded experience.
Adding a further terpene, such as limonene, will make the clear-minded experience more pleasant, vibrant, and alive. Pinene is the terpene that gives off a “pinewood” scent while limonene has a “citrus” scent. This means that dispensaries can offer a “vibrant, clear-headed effect” if their cannabis contains terpenes corresponding to those effects, limonene, and pinene. As long as the chemical profile of the terpenes and cannabinoid quantities are the same, it should, theoretically, be classified as a proven reliable product.
|Myrcene||Musky and Earthy||Reduces inflammation and chronic pain|
|Limonene||Citrus||Improves overall mood as well as alleviates stress and anxiety|
|Linalool||Floral and Spicy||Reduces inflammation and relieves depression|
|Caryophyllene||Spicy and Peppery||Reduces inflammation as well as alleviates stress and anxiety|
|Pinene||Pinewood||Acts as an anti-inflammatory and boosts memory|
|Limonene + THC||Limonene can be very helpful in counteracting the poor memory effects of cannabis as well as assisting in keeping your mind clear.|
|Linalool + Limonene + CBD||Linalool and limonene are both good for reducing anxiety and will boost the healing effects that come with cannabidiol (CBD).|
|Pinene + CBG||Pinene combined with cannabigerol (CBG) acts as a powerful antiseptic and can be particularly beneficial to patients with conditions such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).|
|Caryophyllene + Myrcene + Pinene + CBD||Caryophyllene, myrcene, and pinene combined with CBD act as powerful agents combatting the cycle of addiction.|
|Limonene + Pinene + CBD||Limonene and pinene combined with CBD topical cream target the root cause of acne, which then reduces sebum production. Limonene, pinene, and linalool have all proven effective for cleaning, clearing, and leaving you with acne-free skin.|
Since we have discovered and proven through research that the indica and sativa categorization for effects is no longer effective or accurate, we should re-educate ourselves on how to ensure consistent products and effects when consuming cannabis. Hopefully, more research becomes available that has been approved and accepted by the local medical facilities in order to take steps toward allowing cannabis to be available in more conventional manners as well as providing a possible manner for regulating the product.
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