Sativa is one of the two main subspecies of the cannabis plant. The other is indica. Both are thought to have distinct effects. Sativas are known for an energizing “head high” and for increasing focus and easing depression. This varies from the relaxing effects thought to be perceived from indicas, which create more of a “body high.”
In addition to the psychoactive effects of these cannabis strains, the sativa and indica plants have different physical appearances. Indica is more bushy, while sativa plants are taller, skinnier, and have lighter green leaves.
Despite all these differences, current research shows that sativa and indica are more similar than we initially thought. Research now suggests that the terpene profile and the cannabinoid profile are responsible for the differences between strains more so than we previously realized.
Cannabis science is one of the fastest moving frontiers medicinal sciences in the world. The pharmacology behind it has been accelerated by the realization that we’re all already marinated in cannabis-like molecules (endocannabinoids) and their receptors.
Endocannabinoids help regulate many physiological processes such as your mood, memory, appetite, pain, immune function, metabolism, and bone growth to name a few. Consuming cannabis also modulates this endocannabinoid system in many ways. The effects can be benevolent, although sometimes problematic.
Understanding the science behind cannabis is a key factor in being able to fully enjoy its medicinal value.
People have been using cannabis as medicine for thousands of years. The plant has also been widely used clothing, fuel, food, fiber, and medicine.
Cannabis contains more than 120 different cannabinoid molecules. But, as far as we know, only one gets you high: THC. The plant itself contains a huge amount of cerebral, non-intoxicating THC cousins with emerging medicinal potential. Their abbreviated names are often: CBD, CBG, THC-V, CBC, and CBN to mention a few.
Data Last Updated 09/18/2023
for their medical cannabis cards